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TThe National Archives and Records Service of South Africa was established by declaration of the National Archives and Records Service of South Africa Act (Act No 43 of 1996 as amended). This piece of legislation transformed the former State Archives Service into a National Archives and Records Service. Their mission, functions and structures mirror the South African democratic political order and imperatives, and fosters a national identity and the protection of rights.
The Nelson Mandela Foundation, and Mandela himself in a recorded message, stressed the importance of archives and memory in taking the country from its past into its future. The National Archives should be our leading depository of material relating to the past. He further added that the national archives should be our go-to repository of all history-related material.
CCurrently the NAR houses archival records on South Africa's history dating back to the year 1829. This material can be divided into the period of the Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek (ZAR), 1829 - 1900; the Transvaal Colony period, 1900 - 1910; the Transvaal Province period, 1910 - 1994; and National Government records from 1910 onward. Many of these recordings relate to the political trials that happened during the apartheid regime.
South African National archives
TThe Rivonia Treason Trial, one of the most significant political trials in South African history, led to a life sentence for former president Nelson Mandela. At the trial (1963-1964), Mandela was sentenced together with fellow freedom-fighters Walter Sisulu, Govan Mbeki, Raymond Mhlaba, Elias Motsoaledi, Denis Goldberg, Andrew Mlangeni and Ahmed Kathrada. They were all accused of trying to overthrow the apartheid state. During the trial, the proceedings were recorded on 591 dictabelts. (Dictabelts are analogue audio recordings invented in 1947 and discontinued in the 1980s).
TThe National Archives Reading Room is open for public use, Monday to Friday from 08:00 to 16:00 and on the first Saturday of each month excluding January. Archival records consist of public records and non-public records. Public records are created by government, government departments and organisations in the course of performing their functions. Non-public records are private records and papers created by private individuals and donated to the Archives Repository. Although access to archival documentation is free of charge, the public is charged for the reproduction of material for further use - either on film or paper. Publications are sold.
Xhosa cuisine: the dishes and traditions
African ancestors continue to give Africans a shared and personal sense of self-affirmation, identity and unfettered belonging.
Zulu cuisine is still very much influenced by tradition and its celebration of history and a commitment to culture.
It was an act that had played out many times in South Africa: a forced removal. In 1904 bubonic plague broke out in the town centre, in an area known as Brickfields. Once the brick makers had been removed 25km south, to Klipspruit, the area was fenced and razed to the ground. And so Soweto was born.
The buildings in this ever-evolving city certainly reflect its rich heritage.
The food story of South Africa.
Johannesburg, the metropolis with the country’s tallest skyscrapers, was once just veld (bush), dotted with rocky outcrops, scrubby bush and a network of streams.