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TToday the Kgosi Mampuru II Correctional Facility is still a functional jail with a C-Max section. The gallows, however, is now a museum where you can learn more about the history of this place and about the history of South Africa.
The walls are lined with the names of the prisoners, and the nooses hanging from the ceiling add an air of sadness, which reminds us just how far we have come as a nation.
IIn 1996 the gallows were dismantled after the death sentence was discontinued in South Africa. It was decided, however, to restore it as a museum and a heritage site in honour of those who lost their lives there. The 52 steps that the prisoners had to climb, accompanied by the wardens, are numbered to give you an idea of just how the seconds ticked by for those ascending them.
Kgosi Mampuru Correctional Facility
TThe gallows at Kgosi Mampuru II Correctional Facility is the only place in the country where executions took place. Constitution Hill and its jail held many a prisoner including Nelson Mandela, twice, but no executions were carried out since 1902. One very famous person who was hung at Kgosi Mampuru II Correctional was Daisy De Melker, who was accused of killing two husbands and a son with poison.
Nelson Mandela’s first act when he created the constitutional court was to abolish the death penalty. He himself had been sentenced to death, which would have been carried out at Kgosi Mampuru II Correctional Facility had he not been given a reprieve due to international pressure.
His famous quote while facing the death penalty in 1964 still echoes today: “I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die."
Xhosa cuisine: the dishes and traditions
African ancestors continue to give Africans a shared and personal sense of self-affirmation, identity and unfettered belonging.
Zulu cuisine is still very much influenced by tradition and its celebration of history and a commitment to culture.
It was an act that had played out many times in South Africa: a forced removal. In 1904 bubonic plague broke out in the town centre, in an area known as Brickfields. Once the brick makers had been removed 25km south, to Klipspruit, the area was fenced and razed to the ground. And so Soweto was born.
The buildings in this ever-evolving city certainly reflect its rich heritage.
The food story of South Africa.
Johannesburg, the metropolis with the country’s tallest skyscrapers, was once just veld (bush), dotted with rocky outcrops, scrubby bush and a network of streams.