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SSouth Africa offers a variety of caves for you to explore, from hominid fossil sites to ancient San cave paintings. Experience the ringing sounds of one cave, then crawl through tunnels on your hands and knees in another!
South Africa’s top 10 caves
Sterkfontein is the world's richest hominid fossil site and this is where you will find the Sterkfontein Caves, Cradle of Humankind, in Gauteng, part of the World Heritage Site where the world-famous early human remains of “Mrs Ples” and “Little Foot” were discovered.
The Cango Caves, near Oudtshoorn in the Western Cape, is one of the longest and largest cave systems in the world. Iced with spectacular dripstone formations, they can be explored via two routes through its 5.3km of tunnels—one on well-lit walkways and the other on your hands and knees on an adventure deep into the cavern.
SSudwala Caves, one of the oldest cave systems on earth can be found near Nelspruit in Mpumalanga. With a dolomite chamber measuring 70m in diameter and 37m in height, it has rock formations sculpted over aeons. Evidence of some of the earth’s oldest life forms has been found in its limestone.
Named after the ringing sound the rock formations inside the caves make when they are struck, the Echo Caves are found west of the Strydom Tunnel in Limpopo. It also boasts impressive stalactites and stalagmite formations, and a beautiful hall—the Crystal Palace.
FFor a short time, each day, sunlight pierces the darkness of Cathedral Cave to reveal brilliant stained-glass coloured lichens. The cave houses a colony of rare bald ibis and was a site of worship for the Basotho people. It is an enormous cavern measuring 250m in length and 50m in depth located in the Golden Gate Highlands National Park.
Believed to be 2.2-million years old, the Wonder Cave in Kromdraai, Gauteng, has impressive dripstone formations. It is also home to a bat colony. A favourite Gauteng spelunking spot, abseil into the cave then get down and dirty to explore its depths.
The world-famous archaeological site, Makapansgat in Mokopane, Limpopo, boasts several caves. Here numerous fossils of Australopithecus africanus, our Ape-man ancestor has been found. A tour of the site starts at the Arend Dieperink Museum.
VView dramatic scenery over the ocean and the Walker Bay Reserve from the Klipgat Cave. In Hermanus, in the Western Cape, middle-Stone Age artefacts, bone tools and human remains were found in the cave.
Estimated to be 2.3-billion years old, the Wonderwerk Cave, in Kuruman, in the Northern Cape has San cave paintings dating back 10 000 years. Recently, man-made artefacts of at least two million years old were found.
For a quintessential, “Berg experience”, camp overnight in one of the 60 plus caves where camping is permitted in the uKhahlamba-Drakensberg Park Mountain Range in KwaZulu-Natal. Many of the caves are rich in San rock art sites.
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With our country's 2500km coastline, in South Africa you are never too far away from the sea. From our tropical East Coast all the way to the sun-scorched West Coast, there's no shortage of beaches, sights and seaside life to craft the stories, that match that sun-kissed tan. Where else in the world will you find beaches littered with legends and caves? And how many other spots on earth have two oceans that embrace - one warm and the other an icy hug? This is how we South Africa. Come journey with us. There's always more to see.
Our culture is the expression of who we are and we are united in striving to express ourselves in a multitude of ways. We make the time to understand more about our country's traditional heritage, we know that the wise old ways of our ancestors will teach us where we have come from, and will guide us on our onward journey. This is how we South Africa! Come Journey with us.
Our industry has put in place globally-benchmarked health and safety protocols to ensure that all travellers and tourism sector employees are safe. We take everyone’s safety very seriously. Therefore, we plead with all travellers to embrace the new way of travelling within the COVID-19 environment, exercising patience as we have new protocols that must be observed and practiced.
With a countless number of places to see and exciting things to do in Johannesburg, everyone is bound to find entertainment to suit their tastes and their pocket. The vibrant culture and endlessly bustling hotspots are just some of the reasons why so many visitors keep coming back to the City of Gold.
With warm weather all year round, Durban, the hub of KwaZulu-Natal's leisure, business, and entertainment worlds, welcomes countless visitors to a relaxed, outdoor lifestyle where beaches barbecues, seafood and curry restaurants, clubs and upmarket accommodation establishments provide you with everything you could wish for while on your dream holiday.
At the tip of the African Continent, the Western Cape seems dazzling with more incredible scenery, attractions and sheer diversity than many other countries. From the world-famous Table Mountain to postcard-perfect valleys along the world’s most scenic wine route, a dream coastline decorated with historic towns and all of it lodged in some of the most unique and rare plant life in the world. And then there’s Cape Town, one of the world’s favourite cities, with its
From Durban – the sun, fun and entertainment capital of KwaZulu-Natal – to a magnificent stretch of Blue Flag beaches, surf spots and bustling holiday towns along the tropical to sub-tropical east coast, it’s hard to ignore this coastal treasure. And, moving inland, the Valley of a Thousands Hills and the UNESCO World Heritage Site Drakensberg Mountains ll up holiday memories. And through all this, explore nature and go on safari like nowhere else on earth at the iSimangaliso Wetland Park, or journey into the history and culture of the mighty Zulu Kingdom.
The North West’s rugged bushveld landscape overflows with wildlife and ancient history. Be inspired by canopy tours through the Magaliesberg Mountains – once lapped by the ocean’s waves, two billion years ago – safaris in the famous Pilanesberg Game Reserve with a foundation laid by volcanic rock, or trace the origins of man back 2.5 million years at the Taung Skull discovery site. And then, we invite you to experience the hospitality of Sun City, to get spoilt at the Palace of the Lost City or thrilled at the Valley of the Waves.
South Africa’s mega province provides the backroads into some of the most unique landscapes in the world – some harsh, others spectacular, and some, simply not from this world. From the towering red sand dunes where black-maned Kalahari lions roam to the bizarre halfmens plants in the /Ai/Ais-Richtersveld Transfrontier Park, and from a billion owers bursting to life every year in the dry land of the Namaqualand to the Augrabies Falls, known as “the place of great noise”. Then there’s the rich history of diamonds, the rustic beauty of the Diamond Coast, and the epic Big Hole of Kimberley.
The Free State is a place of wide open spaces and true South African hospitality to go with rich history, stories of battles, gold rushes, early man and even dinosaurs. With its endless blue skies and at bushveld plains, here the silence of nature simply screams out for adventure – whether it is safaris, rafting, 4x4, skydiving, inspiring nature hikes, the famous Orange River safaris and water sports on the Gariep and Vaal dams. But, highland- safari journeys in The Golden Gate Highlands National Park stand out from the rest with its iconic golden sandstone cliffs.
Gauteng is the golden heartbeat of South Africa, leader of innovation, growth, art, culture and everything big, bold and world class. Johannesburg, South Africa’s melting pot of culture is home to the best urban experiences, restaurants, and entertainment in the country. “Jozi” is also a famous apartheid struggle hub, with museums and the former home of Nelson Mandela to tell the story. And, just on its doorstep are exciting safari experiences, water sports and holidays on the Vaal River as well as the origin of our human story at the Cradle of Humankind World Heritage Site.
The Eastern Cape is a province of great natural beauty from the ancient semi-arid Karoo, to the mighty Tsitsikamma Forest, from Blue Flag beaches to the natural wonders of the mesmerising Wild Coast. Only here can you surf the world’s biggest waves at Jeffreys Bay, go on a “Big Seven” safari (including: Great White sharks and Southern Right whales) in the enormous Addo Elephant Park, visit the birthplace of Nelson Mandela, and bungee jump off the highest bridge in the Southern Hemisphere. All, in one trip.
Welcome to South Africa’s capital city. Part of the package with any capital is a fascinating history and vibrant culture. Spend some time walking through South Africa’s history at its political heart. Visit the Union Buildings and Freedom Park; spend time in the various museums and learn more about our uniquely South African cultures or take a stroll around Church Square.
The Mpumalanga province is dominated by the Blyde River Canyon – the world's third-deepest gorge; the Sudwala Caves – the world's oldest caves; and the Kruger National Park – arguably the world's most famous wildlife sanctuary. Mpumalanga means 'the place where the sun rises', and while it may be among South Africa's smallest provinces, what it lacks in size it more than makes up for in spectacular natural diversity.