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TThe Eastern Cape is well known as the province where Nelson Mandela was born and grew up. The two main areas, namely Mthatha and Qunu are home to the two branches of the Nelson Mandela Museum. The Mthatha branch is housed in the Bhunga Building, a large white building with three wings.
The Bhunga Building itself has been used as a meeting place for local tribes and authorities for many years. Loosely translated to, “Caucus” or “Council”, it now serves as a museum dedicated to the great man and his life story.
AAt one stage, the white, pillared building was used as the seat of the United Transkei Territories General Council, the seat of the Transkei Legislative Assembly and the seat of the Republic of Transkei Parliament. Its imposing look is now softened with banners of Tata Madiba both in his youth and in his old age.
The Bhunga Building
IInside, one can find many exhibits, trinkets and gifts that were given to him. There are also interactive activities designed to get the youth involved in understanding his legacy. The Bhunga Building officially opened in 2013, and with it came a much needed renovation of the historic building and its various parts. The three wings are now gleaming white, and rival their former glory. The pictures and other artworks of Nelson Mandela stand proudly inside its halls, and hopefully will for years to come.
The AmaXhosa are part of three nations known as Nguni that are found in South Africa. The other two are AmaSwazi and AmaZulu. The AmaXhosa settled in the Eastern Cape and over time spread to the Western Cape.
The Ndebele of South Africa constitute one group of people whose identity has survived precarious conditions and existential crisis under the weight of changing power dynamics of internal and external factors from pre-colonial to present times.
Mining in South Africa has been a contentious issue since 15-year-old Erasmus Stephanus Jacobs discovered South Africa’s first diamond, the Eureka, in Hopetown in 1867.
South Africa is made up of people who have been in the country since the beginning of time, as well as others who arrived either as slaves, escapees of persecution in their homelands, or seekers of instant riches.