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IIn the heart of Cape Town, on St George’s Mall, stands a century-old building designed by the famous architect Sir Herbert Baker. Built in 1903 to house the newly founded De Beers mining corporation, it was donated to the Mandela Rhodes Foundation in 2003 and now serves as their headquarters.
For many years the beautiful building, with granite quarried from Table Mountain, was known as Rhodes House after Cecil John Rhodes. Rhodes began a scholarship programme in the early 1900s to award bright young minds with the ability to study at Oxford University in England. In recent years the scholarship was taken on by Nelson Mandela, with the Mandela Rhodes Foundation being formed.
TToday Mandela Rhodes House not only forms the headquarters for the Foundation, but also has a number of rooms rented out to similar institutions. The top floor is used as a penthouse for VIPs and guests of the Foundation.
Mandela Rhodes Building
NNearby, a modern multi-storey building called Mandela Rhodes Place hosts a hotel, retail space and apartments. Four other historic buildings have been restored and integrated into the general area of the Mandela Rhodes Building.
The nearby hotel, which is linked to the Mandela Rhodes Building, shows Madiba’s life in 14 stages. From his childhood to his death, you can find information on how he lived and changed the face of South Africa forever. Along with artworks depicting him, there are a number of paintings and sculptures of other great struggle heroes such as Desmond Tutu. Be on the lookout for a piece of the Berlin Wall, which was gifted to Tata Madiba. The piece now sits outside the Mandela Rhodes House, symbolising freedom from oppression.
The AmaXhosa are part of three nations known as Nguni that are found in South Africa. The other two are AmaSwazi and AmaZulu. The AmaXhosa settled in the Eastern Cape and over time spread to the Western Cape.
As a nation that boasts about its rich culture, the Basotho can trace their origins to the pre-historic age.
The Ndebele of South Africa constitute one group of people whose identity has survived precarious conditions and existential crisis under the weight of changing power dynamics of internal and external factors from pre-colonial to present times.
Xhosa cuisine: the dishes and traditions
Mining in South Africa has been a contentious issue since 15-year-old Erasmus Stephanus Jacobs discovered South Africa’s first diamond, the Eureka, in Hopetown in 1867.
South Africa is made up of people who have been in the country since the beginning of time, as well as others who arrived either as slaves, escapees of persecution in their homelands, or seekers of instant riches.
African ancestors continue to give Africans a shared and personal sense of self-affirmation, identity and unfettered belonging.