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KKwaZulu-Natal’s Freedom Route offers a multi-perspective view of life under apartheid, thanks to its melting pot of cultures. See the landmarks, walk in struggle heroes' footsteps, and admire the statues and plaques built in their memory by successive generations who today enjoy the fruits of a democratic country.

Did You Know?
AAlbert Luthuli was Africa's first Nobel Peace Prize Laureate.

WWalk in their shoes, visit their homes and discover the celebrated struggle heroes of KwaZulu-Natal whose fight for freedom left a legacy for future generations of South Africans.

The KwaZulu-Natal Freedom Route spans the cities of Durban and Pietermaritzburg, leading struggle history pilgrims on a fascinating journey through museums, and homes and hideouts of the region's many anti-apartheid activists.

DDurban's KwaMuhle Museum chronicles the lives of Africans who lived and worked in Durban from 1928 to the late 1980s. View the city through their eyes and learn more about labour regulations, separate housing and the protest action taken against such restrictions.

The Luthuli Museum celebrates the life and times of human rights visionary Albert Luthuli. Set in his former home, the museum features significant belongings, a life-size model of the man himself and numerous photographic records of his humanitarian work.

On the outskirts of Durban lies the Cato Manor informal settlement, formerly an inter-cultural blend of Indian and African dwellings. Once home to noteworthy South Africans such as late musician Sipho Gumede and President Jacob Zuma, the area has overcome the riots of 1949 and 1959 and subsequent squatter status to become an integrated community.

North of Durban, along the Inanda Heritage Route, is Phoenix, where Mahatma Gandhi shared his belief in passive resistance. There's also the Ohlange Institute, the first educational facility in South Africa built by Africans for Africans, which was founded by John Langalibalele Dube, the first president of the South African Native National Congress (which became the ANC).

DDating back well over a century, Pietermaritzburg's old prison has survived significant historical events. It features a museum block, gallows, execution block, cells that once held a number of national heroes, and a newly created Project Gateway community development initiative.

Other historical sites worth visiting in the vicinity include Mahatma Gandhi's statue, the old Pietermaritzburg station, the Alan Paton Centre & Struggle Archives, and Sobantu township.

Of particular interest is the Mandela Capture Site near Howick. It was here that the late Nelson Mandela was arrested on 5 August 1962 – this was the catalyst for a series of trials, culminating in the Rivonia Treason Trial that would ultimately see him spend 27 years in prison.

Until relatively recently, the Mandela Capture Site was just a small bricked area with a plaque. But on the 50th anniversary of this event in 2012, an impressive steel sculpture and visitor centre was unveiled to give full recognition to the significance of this spot.

 

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Kwa-Zulu Natal Freedom Route

Vibrant culture

FNB stadium - Step into the “calabash” one of Africa’s biggest stadiums.

Vibrant culture
FNB stadium - Step into the “calabash” one of Africa’s biggest stadiums.

The FNB stadium continues to be the preferred platform of choice for the Soweto derby involving Kaizer Chiefs and Orlando Pirates.

Bustling city life

Alexandra heritage precinct - Historic and iconic

Bustling city life
Alexandra heritage precinct - Historic and iconic

Explore the Alexandra Heritage Precinct, a moving testament to Mandela’s strength.

Vibrant culture

Houses of Parliament –The heart of Cape Town

Vibrant culture
Houses of Parliament –The heart of Cape Town

Houses of Parliament –The heart of Cape Town

Vibrant culture

Cape Town City Hall – A grand old building.

Vibrant culture
Cape Town City Hall – A grand old building.

Cape Town City Hall – A grand old building.

Bustling city life

Feed your appetite for Joburg’s culture and history with Past Experiences tours.

Bustling city life
Feed your appetite for Joburg’s culture and history with Past Experiences tours.

Feed your appetite for Joburg’s culture and history with Past Experiences tours.

Vibrant culture

Explore St George's Cathedral, the oldest cathedral in southern Africa

Vibrant culture
Explore St George's Cathedral, the oldest cathedral in southern Africa

At St George's Cathedral, the church kept its doors open to people of all races throughout the apartheid era.

Vibrant culture

Chancellor House – Where Mandela & Tambo Attorneys once flourished

Vibrant culture
Chancellor House – Where Mandela & Tambo Attorneys once flourished

Chancellor House – Where Mandela & Tambo Attorneys once flourished

Vibrant culture

Drakenstein Correctional Centre

Vibrant culture
Drakenstein Correctional Centre

Drakenstein Correctional Centre

Bustling city life

Nelson Mandela Square – An urban tribute to a universal icon

Bustling city life
Nelson Mandela Square – An urban tribute to a universal icon

Nelson Mandela Square – An urban tribute to a universal icon in the heart of Sandton, Johannesburg.

Bustling city life

The Saxon Hotel - Snuggle into all that the Saxon has to offer.

Bustling city life
The Saxon Hotel - Snuggle into all that the Saxon has to offer.

Beneath the warm and tree-lined Johannesburg skies you’ll find the City of Gold’s luxurious Saxon Hotel.

Vibrant culture

Mandela sites in Gauteng

Vibrant culture
Mandela sites in Gauteng

Nelson Mandela’s memory lives on in a number of places in Gauteng where he spent his formative political years, opening a legal practice and starting to play a leading role in the Struggle against apartheid.

Vibrant culture

Nobel Square - A tribute to great men

Vibrant culture
Nobel Square - A tribute to great men

Tribute to great men Nobel Square, Cape Town

Vibrant culture

In memory of those who sacrificed everything. Sharpeville Human Rights Precinct, Gauteng

Vibrant culture
In memory of those who sacrificed everything. Sharpeville Human Rights Precinct, Gauteng

In memory of those who sacrificed everything Sharpeville Human Rights Precinct, Gauteng

Vibrant culture

Nelson Mandela Bridge

Vibrant culture
Nelson Mandela Bridge

The Nelson Mandela Bridge - A fitting tribute to a great leader

Bustling city life

Mandela and the Mother City

Bustling city life
Mandela and the Mother City

‘Cape Town, more than any other city in South Africa, has been home to people from different cultures for a long, long time.’ – Nelson Mandela

Vibrant culture

Inanda Heritage Route

Vibrant culture
Inanda Heritage Route

The Inanda Heritage Route explores the often overlooked area on Inanda, north of Durban. Despite its apparent obscurity, this region has historical roots that run deep, as a place that experienced first-hand the injustices of apartheid, was the home of passive resistance and became an icon of the freedom struggle.

Bustling city life

V&A Waterfront

Bustling city life
V&A Waterfront

The V&A Waterfront, Cape Town - Shopping in the shadow of the mountain

Vibrant culture

18 July 1918 to 5 December 2013 Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela

Vibrant culture
18 July 1918 to 5 December 2013 Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela

With Nelson Mandela's passing, he will be remembered for his generosity of spirit and the remarkable achievement of bringing peace to a deeply divided country.

Vibrant culture

Place of human rights Constitution Hill, Johannesburg

Vibrant culture
Place of human rights Constitution Hill, Johannesburg

Johannesburg’s Constitution Hill remembers the horrors of the past, and yet embraces the promises of the future, marrying them with the reality of the present.

Vibrant culture

Kliptown Open Air Museum

Vibrant culture
Kliptown Open Air Museum

The home of the Freedom Charter Kliptown Open Air Museum, Johannesburg

Vibrant culture

Lilliesleaf Farm

Vibrant culture
Lilliesleaf Farm

Home of the Freedom Struggle Liliesleaf Farm

Vibrant culture

Walk through South Africa’s history in Pretoria, the capital city

Vibrant culture
Vibrant culture

Voting Line sculpture – a symbol of the1994 elections

Vibrant culture
Voting Line sculpture – a symbol of the1994 elections

Walking around the Voting Line sculpture, you get the true sense of the Rainbow Nation of South Africa.

Vibrant culture

The Apartheid Museum – a soulful reminder of the triumph of human spirit

Vibrant culture
The Apartheid Museum – a soulful reminder of the triumph of human spirit

A soulful reminder of the triumph of human spirit.

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