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Gauteng

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TThe Sharpeville Human Rights Precinct is a memorial for those who died in 1960 in the Sharpeville Massacre, an event that shocked the international community and inspired increased efforts against apartheid.

The Sharpeville Human Rights Precinct, in the Sedibeng township of Sharpeville, is a memorial to victims of the watershed event that was the beginning of the end of apartheid.

Differences within the African National Congress (ANC) led to Robert Sobukwe breaking away to form the Pan African Congress (PAC) in 1959. A year before, the ANC had launched an anti-pass campaign targetting the most hated symbol of apartheid − the pass or dompas − which annually made criminals of up to half a million black people.

Did You Know?
IIn South Africa, 21 March is known as Human Rights Day.

TThe Sharpeville Human Rights Precinct, in the Sedibeng township of Sharpeville, is a memorial to victims of the watershed event that was the beginning of the end of apartheid.

Differences within the African National Congress (ANC) led to Robert Sobukwe breaking away to form the Pan African Congress (PAC) in 1959. A year before, the ANC had launched an anti-pass campaign targetting the most hated symbol of apartheid − the pass or dompas − which annually made criminals of up to half a million black people.

TThe ANC organised a defiance campaign against passes to commence on 31 March 1960. The PAC refused to participate and called its own protest for 21 March 1960.

That Monday over 300 people marched on the police station in Sharpeville to hand in their pass books. A total of 69 people (including 13 anonymous foreigners) were shot dead and 180 injured when police opened fire. Many were shot in the back.

Protests flared across South Africa and an outraged international community censured the country at the United Nations. On 8 April, to stem the panic, the government declared a state of emergency and banned the ANC and PAC, which both went underground and established armed wings.

In 1966 the UN declared 21 March the International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination and since the first democratic elections in South Africa in 1994 it is remembered as Human Rights Day.

The Sharpeville memorial, opened by Nelson Mandela in 2001, features a dramatic wall at the entrance containing the names of the dead, who are buried in the nearby Sharpeville Cemetery, and 69 pillars in a garden split by a stream flowing from a fountain. Mandela named Sharpeville the Cradle of Human Rights.

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Shaprpville

The Old Synagogue - from Jewish place of worship to historic courtroom

Vibrant culture
The Old Synagogue - from Jewish place of worship to historic courtroom

Paul Kruger Street Synagogue, the first synagogue to be constructed in Pretoria, was expropriated by the government in 1952 and converted into a special Supreme Court.

Emirates Airline Park - How Emirates Airline Park played host to SA’s post-apartheid reconciliation

Vibrant culture
Emirates Airline Park - How Emirates Airline Park played host to SA’s post-apartheid reconciliation

Emirates Airline Park played a significant role in South African sporting history, after hosting the 1995 Rugby World Cup final.

The Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory

Vibrant culture
The Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory

The Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory is committed to preserving the work of the Nelson Mandela Foundation.

Johannesburg City Hall Steps - Stand with activists and resistance fighters.

Bustling city life
Johannesburg City Hall Steps - Stand with activists and resistance fighters.

The City Hall steps in Johannesburg have seen many protest meetings and people including Nelson Mandela speaking from them.

Pretoria Central Prison - Pretoria Central Prison bears testament to South Africa’s turbulent past

Vibrant culture
Pretoria Central Prison - Pretoria Central Prison bears testament to South Africa’s turbulent past

Pretoria Central Prison is arguably the most infamous prison where Mandela was held before he was transferred to Robben Island.

Steve Biko Museum, a journey of remembrance and discovery through our struggle history.

Vibrant culture
Steve Biko Museum, a journey of remembrance and discovery through our struggle history.

The Steve Biko Centre is located in Ginsberg, King William's Town, Eastern Cape and entrance to the centre is free.

Challenge yourself with the Midlands Ultra Marathon

Active adventure
Challenge yourself with the Midlands Ultra Marathon

Challenge yourself with the Midlands Ultra Marathon

FNB stadium - Step into the “calabash” one of Africa’s biggest stadiums.

Vibrant culture
FNB stadium - Step into the “calabash” one of Africa’s biggest stadiums.

The FNB stadium continues to be the preferred platform of choice for the Soweto derby involving Kaizer Chiefs and Orlando Pirates.

Nelson Mandela Centre for Reconciliation - Retreat into Madiba’s home and experience his legacy.

Vibrant culture
Nelson Mandela Centre for Reconciliation - Retreat into Madiba’s home and experience his legacy.

Retreat into Madiba’s home at the Nelson Mandela Centre for Reconciliation and walk in the footsteps of greatness.

Kholvad House, landmark of the South African liberation struggle

Vibrant culture
Kholvad House, landmark of the South African liberation struggle

Flat 13 Kholvad House remains one of Johannesburg’s most treasured heritage gems.

Take a journey into the centre of Africa’s rich heritage at the Regina Mundi Church

Vibrant culture
Take a journey into the centre of Africa’s rich heritage at the Regina Mundi Church

Regina Mundi Church a struggle landmark and a tourist attraction that continues to serve the community.

Palace of Justice - Beyond a reasonable doubt: Five reasons why Palace of Justice warrants a visit

Vibrant culture
Palace of Justice - Beyond a reasonable doubt: Five reasons why Palace of Justice warrants a visit

Nelson Mandela and other political leaders stood trial in the Rivonia treason trial at the Palace of Justice in 1964.

Cape Town City Hall – A grand old building.

Vibrant culture
Cape Town City Hall – A grand old building.

Cape Town City Hall – A grand old building.

Explore St George's Cathedral, the oldest cathedral in southern Africa

Vibrant culture
Explore St George's Cathedral, the oldest cathedral in southern Africa

At St George's Cathedral, the church kept its doors open to people of all races throughout the apartheid era.

Alexandra heritage precinct - Historic and iconic

Bustling city life
Alexandra heritage precinct - Historic and iconic

Explore the Alexandra Heritage Precinct, a moving testament to Mandela’s strength.

Houses of Parliament –The heart of Cape Town

Vibrant culture
Houses of Parliament –The heart of Cape Town

Houses of Parliament –The heart of Cape Town

Feed your appetite for Joburg’s culture and history with Past Experiences tours.

Bustling city life
Feed your appetite for Joburg’s culture and history with Past Experiences tours.

Feed your appetite for Joburg’s culture and history with Past Experiences tours.

Chancellor House – Where Mandela & Tambo Attorneys once flourished

Vibrant culture
Chancellor House – Where Mandela & Tambo Attorneys once flourished

Chancellor House – Where Mandela & Tambo Attorneys once flourished

Drakenstein Correctional Centre

Vibrant culture
Drakenstein Correctional Centre

Drakenstein Correctional Centre

Nelson Mandela Square – An urban tribute to a universal icon

Bustling city life
Nelson Mandela Square – An urban tribute to a universal icon

Nelson Mandela Square – An urban tribute to a universal icon in the heart of Sandton, Johannesburg.

The Saxon Hotel - Snuggle into all that the Saxon has to offer.

Bustling city life
The Saxon Hotel - Snuggle into all that the Saxon has to offer.

Beneath the warm and tree-lined Johannesburg skies you’ll find the City of Gold’s luxurious Saxon Hotel.

Nobel Square - A tribute to great men

Vibrant culture
Nobel Square - A tribute to great men

Tribute to great men Nobel Square, Cape Town

Nelson Mandela Bridge

Vibrant culture
Nelson Mandela Bridge

The Nelson Mandela Bridge - A fitting tribute to a great leader

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