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VVenda traditions among the people of Limpopo province differ from other ethnic groups. While revering ancestors, Venda beliefs include a white python and water sprites that need to be nurtured. Occupying a special place in their culture are artists, who are believed to have direct links to the spirit realm.
Venda traditions go back to the great walled settlements found in Limpopo province and Zimbabwe.
The Venda people were one of the last African groups to migrate south of the Limpopo River. When they moved to present day South Africa they found a bountiful area, which they named Venda (pleasant place) and settled there.
Their local history began in the valleys and mountains of Limpopo, where their forebears established a great civilisation centred around Mapungubwe. Though ruled by kings, the position of women in Venda culture is unusual in Africa in that they are encouraged to occupy senior positions in society.
Children and the elderly in the tribe have their own role to play. This is linked to Venda beliefs in ancestors, who are involved in their daily lives. Having just joined the earthly plane, children are still close to the ancestors. The elderly are also close to the ancestors because they will soon join the spiritual realm in death.
The king in Venda tradition is seen as a living ancestor, which guarantees him devotion and respect. He even has his own language, further suggesting his divinity.
There are many sacred sites in Limpopo where the Venda go to communicate with their ancestors. Lake Fundudzi, high in the Soutspansberg Mountains, is one of the most esteemed as it is believed this is where the white python − the god of fertility − and other mystical water sprites (zwidutwane) live. There are a number of rituals and traditions involved in the interaction between the Venda people and the spirits of Lake Fundudzi.
What really sets the Venda apart from other groups in South Africa is the role of art in the community. Artists are called by the spirit world, through unusual dreams and visions, to fulfill their destinies, giving their work a supernatural energy. This places them on the same social plane as a traditional healer.
TTravel tips & planning info
Who to contact
Morning Sun Nature Reserve
Tel: +27 (0)79 427 6333
Tel: +27 (0)11 483 1841
How to get here
Both Morning Sun Nature Reserve and H12 Leshiba are about a 6- to 7- hour drive north of Johannesburg. Take the N1 to Makhado (Louis Trichardt) and follow the directions detailed on the listed websites.
Best time to visit
The Soutpansberg district is best visited in spring (September to November) and autumn (April to May). The remaining months of the year offer up different seasonal delights, from rain-misted valleys to clear winter skies.
Things to do
Trips to Mapungubwe National Park, Sacred Lake Fundudzi, Ribolla Art Route, Baobab Reserve and many other natural and cultural destinations.
Tours to do
Morning Sun in the Soutpansberg offers an all-encompassing Venda cultural experience: an artists' route, village tours, day trips to sacred places, evenings of Venda song and dance. Staying at Morning Sun is like being in a mythical Venda artists' village.
Once you're in the area, the best way to get around is with a local guide, who will take you to the right cultural venues.
What will it cost?
The lodge rates vary according to seasons, the size of chalets and service options. See their specials on the listed websites.
Length of stay
Two nights in each lodge, with the offered day trips, will give you a good insight into Venda culture.
Where to stay
Morning Sun and H12 Leshiba, both in the Soutpansberg Range near Makhado (Louis Trichardt).
Pottery and crafts along the Ribola Art Route.