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TToday the Kgosi Mampuru II Correctional Facility is still a functional jail with a C-Max section. The gallows, however, is now a museum where you can learn more about the history of this place and about the history of South Africa.
The walls are lined with the names of the prisoners, and the nooses hanging from the ceiling add an air of sadness, which reminds us just how far we have come as a nation.
IIn 1996 the gallows were dismantled after the death sentence was discontinued in South Africa. It was decided, however, to restore it as a museum and a heritage site in honour of those who lost their lives there. The 52 steps that the prisoners had to climb, accompanied by the wardens, are numbered to give you an idea of just how the seconds ticked by for those ascending them.
Kgosi Mampuru Correctional Facility
TThe gallows at Kgosi Mampuru II Correctional Facility is the only place in the country where executions took place. Constitution Hill and its jail held many a prisoner including Nelson Mandela, twice, but no executions were carried out since 1902. One very famous person who was hung at Kgosi Mampuru II Correctional was Daisy De Melker, who was accused of killing two husbands and a son with poison.
Nelson Mandela’s first act when he created the constitutional court was to abolish the death penalty. He himself had been sentenced to death, which would have been carried out at Kgosi Mampuru II Correctional Facility had he not been given a reprieve due to international pressure.
His famous quote while facing the death penalty in 1964 still echoes today: “I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die."
Take a tour of Soweto, Johannesburg’s vibrant city-within-a-city – apart from learning the history of the struggle against apartheid, you can immerse yourself in a modern urban vibe with lots to do.
South African urban architectural design tours introduce visitors to the eclectic array of styles and influences behind the country’s most iconic buildings.
South Africans are a diverse mix of peoples from Africa, Europe, Asia and elsewhere, and the many museums scattered around the country preserve rich histories, heritages and cultural traditions.
South Africa is a country of rich religious diversity, protected by the Constitution, so explore sacred architecture and spiritual traditions at our many historic places of worship.
Wits Art Museum – part of the University of the Witwatersrand – houses an African art collection that was started in the 1920s and includes masks, photographs, paintings and more.
There are many well-known historic and contemporary art works on display in art museums and galleries in each of South Africa's 9 provinces, with many important permanent art collections centred in the country's major cities.
National Stadium in Soweto, which was known as ‘Soccer City’ during the 2010 FIFA World Cup™, is available for tours. Because of massive demand, however, you will need to book ahead to secure your trip around the famous sporting venue. Tours, which last up to 90 minutes, are available on Thursdays. During the tour, guests will visit the exclusive VIP suites, change rooms, warm-up areas, players' tunnel, the pitch, and upper sections of the stands.
House 8115, Vilakazi Street, Orlando, Soweto, has become one of the most famous addresses in South Africa. It is the house where former South African President Nelson Mandela lived, on and off, for more than 14 years.