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KKwaZulu-Natal’s Freedom Route offers a multi-perspective view of life under apartheid, thanks to its melting pot of cultures. See the landmarks, walk in struggle heroes' footsteps, and admire the statues and plaques built in their memory by successive generations who today enjoy the fruits of a democratic country.

Did You Know?
AAlbert Luthuli was Africa's first Nobel Peace Prize Laureate.

WWalk in their shoes, visit their homes and discover the celebrated struggle heroes of KwaZulu-Natal whose fight for freedom left a legacy for future generations of South Africans.

The KwaZulu-Natal Freedom Route spans the cities of Durban and Pietermaritzburg, leading struggle history pilgrims on a fascinating journey through museums, and homes and hideouts of the region's many anti-apartheid activists.

DDurban's KwaMuhle Museum chronicles the lives of Africans who lived and worked in Durban from 1928 to the late 1980s. View the city through their eyes and learn more about labour regulations, separate housing and the protest action taken against such restrictions.

The Luthuli Museum celebrates the life and times of human rights visionary Albert Luthuli. Set in his former home, the museum features significant belongings, a life-size model of the man himself and numerous photographic records of his humanitarian work.

On the outskirts of Durban lies the Cato Manor informal settlement, formerly an inter-cultural blend of Indian and African dwellings. Once home to noteworthy South Africans such as late musician Sipho Gumede and President Jacob Zuma, the area has overcome the riots of 1949 and 1959 and subsequent squatter status to become an integrated community.

North of Durban, along the Inanda Heritage Route, is Phoenix, where Mahatma Gandhi shared his belief in passive resistance. There's also the Ohlange Institute, the first educational facility in South Africa built by Africans for Africans, which was founded by John Langalibalele Dube, the first president of the South African Native National Congress (which became the ANC).

DDating back well over a century, Pietermaritzburg's old prison has survived significant historical events. It features a museum block, gallows, execution block, cells that once held a number of national heroes, and a newly created Project Gateway community development initiative.

Other historical sites worth visiting in the vicinity include Mahatma Gandhi's statue, the old Pietermaritzburg station, the Alan Paton Centre & Struggle Archives, and Sobantu township.

Of particular interest is the Mandela Capture Site near Howick. It was here that the late Nelson Mandela was arrested on 5 August 1962 – this was the catalyst for a series of trials, culminating in the Rivonia Treason Trial that would ultimately see him spend 27 years in prison.

Until relatively recently, the Mandela Capture Site was just a small bricked area with a plaque. But on the 50th anniversary of this event in 2012, an impressive steel sculpture and visitor centre was unveiled to give full recognition to the significance of this spot.

 

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Kwa-Zulu Natal Freedom Route

Vibrant culture

Pretoria Central Prison - Pretoria Central Prison bears testament to South Africa’s turbulent past

Vibrant culture
Pretoria Central Prison - Pretoria Central Prison bears testament to South Africa’s turbulent past

Pretoria Central Prison is arguably the most infamous prison where Mandela was held before he was transferred to Robben Island.

Vibrant culture

The Old Synagogue - from Jewish place of worship to historic courtroom

Vibrant culture
The Old Synagogue - from Jewish place of worship to historic courtroom

Paul Kruger Street Synagogue, the first synagogue to be constructed in Pretoria, was expropriated by the government in 1952 and converted into a special Supreme Court.

Vibrant culture

Emirates Airline Park - How Emirates Airline Park played host to SA’s post-apartheid reconciliation

Vibrant culture
Emirates Airline Park - How Emirates Airline Park played host to SA’s post-apartheid reconciliation

Emirates Airline Park played a significant role in South African sporting history, after hosting the 1995 Rugby World Cup final.

Active adventure

2010 FIFA World Cup™: Not a bird, not a plane, it’s SA’s flag flying high

Active adventure
2010 FIFA World Cup™: Not a bird, not a plane, it’s SA’s flag flying high

After 6 years sustained hard work under the watchful eye of global critics, South Africa proved that it could successfully host the 2010 FIFA World Cup™.

Breathtaking scenery

Freedom Park – a celebration of humanity and freedom

Breathtaking scenery
Freedom Park – a celebration of humanity and freedom

Freedom Park in Pretoria is a celebration of humanity and freedom.

Vibrant culture

The Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory

Vibrant culture
The Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory

The Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory is committed to preserving the work of the Nelson Mandela Foundation.

Bustling city life

Johannesburg City Hall Steps - Stand with activists and resistance fighters.

Bustling city life
Johannesburg City Hall Steps - Stand with activists and resistance fighters.

The City Hall steps in Johannesburg have seen many protest meetings and people including Nelson Mandela speaking from them.

Vibrant culture

The Nelson Mandela Museum

Vibrant culture
The Nelson Mandela Museum

Walking in the footsteps of a great man - a remarkable museum dedicated to Madiba

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