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GGin is the buzzword on everyone’s lips in Cape Town at the moment. It has literally taken the Cape by storm. What started off as a small group of entrepreneurs in the Western Cape testing the waters with small batch distillations of gin, has now grown into a highly-competitive industry. There are more than 50 registered gin distilleries in South Africa and approximately 30 of them are in the Western Cape. Yet still, new ones continue to emerge. This explosion of gin distilleries in the Western Cape can most certainly be attributed to the abundance of fynbos in the region - 9 300 species of this fine leafed plant are indigenous to the region and offer a wide variety of perfumed scents and medicinal properties.
Many of them pair well with the exotic yet essential ingredient for gin, the juniper berry. However, what few people know is that gin is so much more than a juniper berry-infused alcohol. The origins of gin have been traced back to the early 17th century in Holland, where it was sold as a medicine in pharmacies to treat indigestion, gout and gallstones. There are also claims that it was produced in Italy in the 11th century, although these have not been substantiated.
Nevertheless, despite the huge revival of gin throughout the world in the last decade and more recently in South Africa, it has not always enjoyed such notoriety among trendy socialites in the past. There was a period in 18th-century Britain where gin was a drink consumed largely by the poor.
It was only in the early 19th century, when far stricter legislation was put in place and the quality was dramatically improved, that gin consumption took its place among the higher echelons of society. This gave rise to the birth of gin palaces where members of high society gather and socialised. Thereafter gin remained a popular drink among certain sectors of society for almost two centuries, until it was rediscovered in the 21st century.
Now we’re confronted with a different dilemma each time we walk into our local bottle store, where one is faced with more than 100 various gins from all over the world to select from. Where does one even begin to look? One would not be mistaken for thinking that gin is fast catching up to the vast number of whiskeys available, and may even overtake them. Apart from the huge selection of gin currently available, there has also been a notable increase in the number of gin bars popping up in Cape Town and more recently Johannesburg.