South Africa's Makuleke people are a shining example of how local communities can benefit from tourism. Two luxury eco-lodges now stand on the 24 000ha that the Makuleke people regained after being dispossessed during aparthed. They’ve electrified villages and built a school with some of the money generated.
In memory of emancipated slaves, who found refuge at Elim in the Overberg, is the first slave monument. Elim, with its whitewashed thatched cottages, Moravian Church and the oldest working clock in South Africa, is a national treasure.