Did you know?
The present-day Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital in Soweto was originally built for convalescing British and Commonwealth soldiers.
A tour of Soweto (short for South-Western Townships) is a must for any visitor keen to get a taste of the vibrant and gritty street life this township is renowned for.
By rights more of a city in modern-day South Africa than just a traditional township, Soweto has its roots in the gold mines that drew migrant workers to Johannesburg at the turn of the 20th century.
After the National Party was voted into power in 1948, Soweto grew rapidly as apartheid tightened its grip on the country and squeezed black people out of white areas.
Today a township tour of this sprawling area will take you to see many of the highlights of the country's political history.
These include a stop at Walter Sisulu Square in Kliptown, where South Africa's Freedom Charter (a document used to help draft the country's Constitution) was signed in 1955.
Another important landmark is the Hector Pieterson memorial and museum, the site of the famous Soweto uprising of 16 June 1976, which saw school pupils take to the streets to protest against the use of Afrikaans as the language of instruction in schools. The iconic news photograph of a dying 13-year-old Pieterson, cradled in the arms of a fellow school pupil after being shot by the police, drew attention to South Africa’s oppressive racial policies.
And then there’s the famous Vilakazi Street, once home to two Nobel Peace Prize winners, namely former president Nelson Mandela and Anglican Archbishop Emeritus Desmond Tutu. Here visitors can linger over a glass of beer or a meal in one of several taverns or restaurants lining the street.
Other Soweto highlights include the Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital, listed by Guinness World Records in 1997 as the largest hospital in the world, as well as the brightly coloured Orlando Towers, where the more adventurous can opt for an urban bungee jump.
As a visitor, the easiest and safest way to experience Soweto is to go on a township tour, which could last anything from a whistle-stop two hours to a whole day or an overnight stay.