The Battle of Blaauwberg
Did you know?
The Battle of Blaauwberg took place in 1806, at the same time as the end of the Napoleonic Wars in Europe.
A quick historical snapshot will tell you that the Battle of Blaauwberg, fought near Cape Town on 8 January 1806, was a dispirited 2-hour fight between 5000-odd very tired, under-nourished British troops and an estimated 2000 Cape Colonists, many of whom felt they had something better to do somewhere else.
However, this seemingly minor battle had massive ramifications for southern Africa. It established a firm British hold on the region that would only really fade more than 150 years later, when South Africa became a republic.
As you stand on Big Bay Beach at modern-day Bloubergstrand digging your toes into the golden sands at sunrise, you look across the waters at that classic view of Table Mountain and the city of Cape Town.
Think back more than 200 years ago, when Britain was on the warpath against France. Holland and its colonial Batavian Republic, which included the Cape, were aligned with the French. Britain wanted final control of the Cape and the sea route to India.
Britain gathered a massive fleet of more than 60 ships and a large contingent of troops and sailed south under the military command of Major-General David Baird.
Back in the Cape, Dutch Lieutenant-Governor Jan Willem Janssens called on a motley collection of colonists, German and Hungarian mercenaries, slaves and Khoi volunteers to make up the defence of the city and surrounds.
By now, the Cape had been through a number of colonial hands. The British had run it for a while in the mid-1790s, the Dutch took over from time to time but possibly the most colourful colonial phase was the short 2-year tenure of the French, from 1781 to 1783.
Suddenly Cape Town was alive with grand parties, fancy feathered hats on parade in the streets, dashing French cavalrymen clanking about and making the ladies’ hearts beat faster – and with all this bonhomie came an unprecedented financial boom. For that short, bright little bite of time, Cape Town was known as ‘Little Paris’.
But 23 years later, the mood was grimmer. Baird sent part of his force north to land at Saldanha Bay and beached the remainder at Losperd’s Bay, now called Melkbosstrand. He headed them in the direction of Blouberg Mountain.
The battle took place on a plain on the eastern side of Bloubergstrand. One of the most colourful sights, according to historians, was that of the Highland Brigade, resplendent in tartan kilts, fixing bayonets onto their flintlock guns and charging, bagpipes in full throat, over the field of battle.
The colonial mercenaries, the Waldeck battalion, were the first to waver in the face of the charging Highlanders. Janssens ordered a retreat, with more than 330 men lost. The British had about 220 casualties.
A scant 2 days after landing, the British were in charge of Cape Town, and would remain so for the whole of the 19th Century and beyond.
Travel tips & Planning info
Who to contact
Blaauwberg Coast Visitor Information Centre
Tel: +27 (0)21 521 1080
Rietvlei Wetland Reserve
Tel: +27 (0)21 557 5509
Blue Peter Hotel
Tel: +27 (0)21 554 1956