Did you know?
Gannets can dive at speeds of 100km per hour when catching fish.
Bird Island Nature Reserve, just off shore of Lambert's Bay on the Cape's West Coast, houses a massive breeding colony of Cape gannets – one of only six such colonies in the world.
Thousands of these birds, as well as Cape cormorants, breed and roost on the island which is connected to the mainland by a breakwater, providing rare public access to these seabird colonies.
The reserve features a modern bird hide that provides you with an insider's view of the colony, allowing you to discreetly watch the birds nesting, feeding and socialising. There's a lot of the latter, which reaches fever pitch with all the excited vocalising that goes on!
The hide also provides the unique opportunity to view the mating ritual of the gannets, which takes place between April and September each year. Educational material at the hide provides additional information on the birds and their habits, while the well-marked interpretation route provides further information on the island and its other inhabitants.
Bird Island was once also home to a thriving African penguin colony. Gannet dung or guano – a highly prized ingredient used in fertilisers – was collected in abundance on the island from 1888 to 1990. During this time penguin eggs were also collected, which all but wiped out the resident colony.
Conservationists have erected artificial structures on the island to encourage the penguins to breed once again and today the colony numbers have increased substantially. A trip to the penguin pool to watch these characters at play is a must.
Other frequent island visitors include Cape fur seals, which can be seen on the rocks and frolicking in the water along the edge of the island.