Top 10: Tourist sites related to the freedom struggle

Negotiation Hall at the Apartheid Museum. The Apartheid Museum: a spotlight on South Africa’s fight for racial equality

1 Constitution Hill, Johannesburg

Johannesburg’s Constitution Hill remembers the horrors of the past, and yet embraces the promises of the future, marrying them with the reality of the present. It is home to the Constitutional Court, the birthplace of our democracy and protector of our human rights. more

2 Robben Island, Western Cape

At times a leper colony, mental hospital and defence training base, the Robben Island World Heritage Site is more famed as the prison to which anti-apartheid activists, among them former president Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, were banished. A ‘university of the struggle’, its graduates went on to lead South Africa into democracy. more

3 The Apartheid Museum, Johannesburg

The Apartheid Museum, close to downtown Johannesburg, focuses on the notorious system of racial discrimination that became synonymous with South Africa from 1948 (when the white-minority National Party was voted into power) until 1994, the year in which the country held its first fully democratic elections. more

4 Houses of Parliament, Cape Town

The heart of Cape Town, with the Company’s Garden at its centre, boasts a large number of beautifully designed historic buildings, including the Houses of Parliament. Built in 1885, this inner sanctum of South African politics has seen its fair share of colourful characters over the times. more

5 Nelson Mandela Museum

To give a true overview of Nelson Mandela in all phases of his life, from his youth in Qunu to his role as statesman, the museum built in his honour comprises three separate structures: the Bhunga Building in Mthatha, the Qunu component and an open-air museum at Mvezo, where Madiba was born.  more

6 Freedom Park, Pretoria

Freedom Park is a memorial and sanctuary conceptualised by former president Thabo Mbeki, to pay tribute to those who made the ultimate sacrifice for human rights and their country during South Africa's turbulent history. The shrine to freedom sits on a 52-ha site atop Salvokop Hill and offers 360° views of Pretoria. more

7 Mandela Capture Site, KwaZulu-Natal

On 5 August 1962, police waved down a car on a lonely country road in KwaZulu-Natal. At the wheel was Nelson Mandela, posing as a chauffeur, and his arrest was the catalyst for a series of trials, culminating in the Rivonia Treason Trial that would ultimately see him spend 27 years in prison. Today this site is marked by an impressive sculpture in the KwaZulu-Natal Midlands. more

8 Red Location Museum, Port Elizabeth

The Red Location Museum stands out amid a collection of brightly coloured houses, with distant views of the ocean. Its iron, wood and steel construction echoes its shanty town location and recalls the oppressive days of apartheid. more

9 The Hector Pieterson Museum, Soweto

The Hector Pieterson Museum in Soweto's Khumalo Street recalls the events of 16 June 1976 and the ensuing Soweto Uprising. This museum in Soweto takes the visitor on a journey that includes the build up to a youth rebellion, the events of that fateful day and its aftermath. more

10 The Luthuli Museum, KwaZulu-Natal

The Luthuli Museum is located in the 1927 home of the late Nobel Peace Prize winner, Chief Albert Luthuli. The essence of his anti-apartheid struggle is captured via photographs, newspaper clippings and mementos of South Africa's turbulent past. more