A number of towns in the Great Karoo – including Beaufort West – once witnessed the passing of a great herd of springbok through their streets. The phenomenon of the trekbokke (wandering antelope) died out at the end of the Victorian era once the hunters had decimated the great herds.

Did you know?

After a trekbok migration, the veld was enriched by the churning of hooves and the springbok dung.

Cast your mind back to the mid-1700s in the heartland of South Africa – the Karoo.

Back then, the few colonial hunters wandering the grassy plains of the hinterland carried muskets – their impact on the vast herds of game crossing the Karoo was minimal.

In the distance, you hear a growing thunder. The earth beneath your feet begins to vibrate. It’s time to move to a high point of safety.

Within the hour, a sea of tans, blacks and flashes of white flows past you, in the form of perhaps a million springbok – the legendary trekbokke or trekbokken (Afrikaans and Dutch for 'migrating antelope') of the Karoo.

In a wildlife migration that would leave even Serengeti veterans awe-struck, wave upon wave of springbok would cross the veld, devouring all vegetation before them and putting all other forms of life to flight.

Travellers’ diary entries from that era speak of an ‘overwhelming noise’ as countless hooves created a dust storm. Once, in the Northern Cape town of Kenhardt, residents woke to the sound of the trekbokken as they passed through the settlement. By all accounts, there was much ‘porch hunting’ on that day.

It is believed that in times of plenty in the Karoo, springbok numbers increased dramatically. And when the ‘plenty’ dried up, the vast herds converged to look for pasture. And then, when the rains finally arrived, they would scatter throughout the Karoo once again.

The last recorded trekbok migration took place in 1896, but by then their numbers had been dramatically thinned out by ever-growing droves of hunters and meat-gatherers for the diamond- and goldfields of South Africa. A resource that was once thought to be infinite nearly gave out by the beginning of the 1900s.

However, game farming is today enjoying a boom in the Karoo and everywhere you go, you see small herds of springbok. Among them, they say, there are still individuals with the restless ‘trekbok gene’ in them – and they still cross fences from farm to farm, in search of sweet veld and good rainfall.

Travel tips & Planning info

How to get here

Although the trekbok phenomenon has passed, you can still see big herds of springbok on game farms all over the Karoo.

Best time to visit

Winter time is known as 'game time' in the Karoo, because they're easier to see. In early spring, you will see the newborn springbok moving with the herds.

What will it cost

The various game farms have different accommodation and visit pricing options - shop around the Karoo Heartland website.

Length of stay

A week in the Karoo will have you wanting to return for more.

What to pack

In winter, the days are brisk and often warm. However, the nights can drop to well below freezing point. Dress accordingly.

Where to stay

There are plenty of Karoo farmstay options, and game farms that accommodate guests.

What to eat

If you like meat, this is a time for venison dishes.

Best buys

You're in angora goat and sheep country, so a mohair blanket and some warm woollen slippers would be good buys.