Did you know?
Lake Sibaya is home to 22 species of frogs and eight reptiles.
Lake Sibaya (or Sibhayi or Sibayi, as it is also known) is named as one of the 10 jewels of the iSimangaliso Wetland Park and the largest freshwater lake in South Africa. It is around 70 square kilometres in size and lies in the tropical north-eastern quadrant of KwaZulu-Natal.
Lake Sibaya was once at the mouth of a mighty river, and was open to the sea. Many years ago, though, things changed. Now, a high forested duneland divides Lake Sibaya from the coastline.
Surrounding it is the thickly vegetated iSimangaliso Wetland Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is also a Ramsar wetland of international importance (Ramsar is a town in Iran where an agreement was struck in 1971 to conserve significant wetlands).
Although its clear blue waters may look cool and appealing, Lake Sibaya is not a good place to swim and crocodiles and hippos paddle about in startlingly large numbers.
The lake has had little development pressure, and is considered near pristine, with over 100km of unspoilt shoreline. It has been been cut off from the ocean for so long that certain fish that were marine in origin have evolved to become unique freshwater specimens and are near-endemics . There are many interesting cichlids and gobies, along with various tilapias and mouthbrooders.
For birders, Lake Sibaya is paradise. Here you can find 279 species of rather special birds, including that rare vegetarian bird of prey – the palmnut vulture. You might also see the elusive Pel’s fishing-owl, the pygmy goose, bat hawk, yellow white-eye, the rufous-bellied heron and Woodward’s batis.
You’ll almost certainly see the malachite, pied and giant kingfishers, flamingoes by the dozen, black-winged stilts, white-fronted sand plovers, spoonbills, swamp hens, crakes and bitterns.
Apart from the more or less unmissable crocodiles and hippos, keep an eye open for smaller creatures like water mongooses, reedbuck, samango monkeys, red squirrels and endangered blue duikers.