Declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1999, the Cradle of Humankind – rolling hills and plains about an hour north-west of Johannesburg – is made up of 15 important fossil sites of which the possibly 20-million-year-old Sterkfontein Caves are the most renowned.
From sieges to coastal defence, maritime engagements to face-to-face battlefield action, artillery has often meant the difference between victory and defeat. Much of South Africa’s artillery heritage is centred on Cape Town, for one reason: globalisation.
The history of the Sudwala Caves in Mpumalanga goes back approximately 240-million years to their formation. This makes the caves older than Africa itself – the Sudwala Caves formed when what is now Africa was still part of the supercontinent Gondwana.
If you’re at all interested in understanding and interpreting some of the rocks, mountains, soils and dunes that you might spot on a road journey through South Africa, there’s a fascinating book that will give you the know-how.
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